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Drug delivery

Ferrous iron (FeII)-dependent drug delivery system

Mouse studies suggest an FeII-dependent delivery system could be useful for selectively targeting drugs to diseased tissues. The system involves conjugating a drug to a linker molecule and a 1,2,4-trioxolane ring that undergoes fragmentation in the presence of FeII. In Plasmodium berghei-infected mice, a conjugate carrying an irreversible inhibitor of Plasmodium dipeptidyl aminopeptidase 1
(dpap1) selectively targeted infected red blood cells and showed more persistent inhibition of the parasitic enzyme than unconjugated inhibitor. In P. berghei-infected mice, the conjugate decreased parasitemia and showed increased safety compared with unconjugated inhibitor. Next steps include developing an optimized version of the delivery system and evaluating it for the delivery of drugs to treat malaria and cancer.

SciBX 6(44); doi:10.1038/scibx.2013.1276
Published online Nov. 14, 2013

Patent application filed; available for licensing from the University of California, San Francisco Office of Innovation, Technology & Alliances

Deu, E. et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA; published online Oct. 21, 2013;
Contact: Matthew Bogyo, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.

Contact: Adam R. Renslo, University of California, San Francisco, Calif.