This week in therapeutics

Indication

Target/marker/pathway

Summary

Licensing status

Publication and contact information

Cancer

Glioblastoma

Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III
(EGFRvIII); prominin 1 (PROM1; CD133)

Studies in patient samples and mice suggest a bispecific antibody targeting EGFRvIII and CD133 could help treat glioblastoma. In samples from patients with glioblastoma, CD133 and EGFRvIII were often coexpressed. In a mouse model of glioblastoma, intracranially implanted cells coexpressing CD133 and EGFRvIII led to greater tumor formation than cells expressing CD133 alone. In the mouse model, a bispecific antibody targeting CD133 and EGFRvIII inhibited tumor formation and increased survival compared with antibodies targeting either protein alone or IgG. Next steps include scaling up production of the bispecific antibody for additional efficacy tests in the intracranial model of glioblastoma.
ImmunoCellular Therapeutics Ltd. has ICT-121, an antibody targeting CD133, in Phase I testing to treat brain cancer.
Celldex Therapeutics Inc.'s CDX-110, a vaccine targeting EGFRvIII, is in Phase III testing to treat glioblastoma.

SciBX 7(6); doi:10.1038/scibx.2014.172
Published online Feb. 13, 2014

Patent filed covering bispecific antibody and application to identify stem cells; available for licensing

Emlet, D.R. et al. Cancer Res.; published online Dec. 23, 2013;
doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-1407
Contact: Albert J. Wong, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
e-mail:
ajwong@stanford.edu