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Chronological Index of : Targets & Mechanisms

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  • TLR4 on the surface of scleroderma

    BioLineRx's deal with the University of Colorado could give the biotech a disease-modifying therapy for cutaneous fibrosis in patients with diffuse systemic scleroderma. It remains unclear whether the university's TLR4 …

    Published on 5/8/2014
  • Figure 1: Bolstering cancer immunotherapy with IL-15

    Targets & Mechanisms: Leveling cancer with IL-15 Figure 1. Bolstering cancer immunotherapy with IL-15. (I) IL-15 is an immunostimulatory cytokine that typically is found pre-bound to the IL-15 receptor a-chain (IL-…

    Published on 4/24/2014
  • Leveling cancer with IL-15

    Findings that link high IL-15 levels in tumors with increased local T cell proliferation and favorable patient outcomes position the cytokine as a robust prognostic and complement ongoing efforts to develop IL-15 as a …

    Published on 4/24/2014
  • Mired in miR-25

    New evidence that miR-25 inhibition can help treat heart failure contradicts earlier results. Although the current study shows that blocking miR-25 restores SERCA2A -- and thus improves cardiac contractility -- …

    Published on 4/24/2014
  • Reversing (heart) failure in Friedreich's ataxia

    Heart failure accounts for over half the deaths in patients with Friedreich's ataxia, but there are no therapies for the neurodegenerative disease. Now, a team of French researchers has shown that i.v. frataxin gene …

    Published on 4/24/2014
  • Unfolding triple-negative breast cancer

    A team from Weill Cornell Medical College has found a unifying feature of triple-negative breast cancers -- overactivation of the transcription factor X-box binding protein 1. Blocking expression of the target decreases…

    Published on 4/17/2014
  • Catastrophic vacuolization

    Karolinska Institute scientists have attacked glioblastoma multiforme by inducing an unconventional cell death pathway involving catastrophic vacuolization. The team identified a small molecule that prolonged survival …

    Published on 4/10/2014
  • Positioning properdin

    Researchers at the University of Leicester have shown that a recombinant properdin produced in collaboration with The Medicines Co. has markedly higher antibacterial activity than the native protein. The researchers are…

    Published on 4/10/2014
  • Narrowing down graft stenosis

    One serious complication after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is hyperplastic growth of the transplant. Now, a U.S. team has reported that this hyperplasia is rooted in the endothelial cells lining the …

    Published on 4/3/2014
  • Insights into ependymoma

    Two independent studies have revealed targets for previously intractable ependymoma tumors: a fusion protein and epigenetic modifiers, respectively. The therapeutic potential of the targets remains to be established.

    Published on 3/27/2014
  • Zinc-ing about diabetes

    ZNT8 burst onto the scene in 2007 as a promising diabetes target, and follow-up studies suggested that stimulating the zinc transporter protein could have therapeutic benefit. A new study suggests that the preferred …

    Published on 3/13/2014
  • Table 1: Cardiovascular expressions

    Targets & Mechanisms: Heart cells: no longer undivided Table 1. Cardiovascular expressions. At least 10 companies have gene therapies in preclinical through Phase III development to treat a range of cardiovascular …

    Published on 3/6/2014
  • Depending on SWI/SNF

    Loss-of-function mutations in chromatin-modifying proteins remain largely intractable. Separate teams, including a group from Novartis, have identified synthetic lethal interactions that could be exploited to help treat…

    Published on 3/6/2014
  • Heart cells: no longer undivided

    The inability of heart cells to divide rapidly enough to repair damage is a major impediment to regenerating heart tissue after myocardial infarction. A U.S. team has used cyclin A2 gene therapy to induce cardiomyocyte …

    Published on 3/6/2014
  • The XII factor

    Researchers have found that inhibiting either factor XII or factor XI can provide thromboprotection without increasing the risk of bleeding. Both targets could eliminate the main drawback of existing anticoagulants.

    Published on 2/27/2014
  • Table 1: Targeting the intrinsic pathway of coagulation and the kallikrein-kinin system

    The XII factor Table 1. Targeting the intrinsic pathway of coagulation and the kallikrein-kinin system. The intrinsic pathway and the kallikrein-kinin system are both activated by factor XIIa. The table below is a …

    Published on 2/27/2014
  • Figure 1: Factor XIIa pathways

    Targets & Mechanisms: The XII factor Figure 1. Factor XIIa pathways. The intrinsic pathway of coagulation and the kallikrein-kinin system are both activated downstream of factor XII (FXII). (I) In the intrinsic …

    Published on 2/27/2014
  • Preserving the oocyte reserve

    A Cornell team has preserved fertility in mice by knocking out checkpoint kinase 2. The target offers companies a new opportunity for preventing chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-induced premature menopause and infertility…

    Published on 2/20/2014
  • A RIPping target in Gaucher's disease

    Enzyme-replacement therapies are highly effective for most patients with Gaucher's disease but do little for those with the neuronopathic childhood forms of the disease. Now, an Israeli and U.K. team has unlocked the …

    Published on 2/13/2014
  • Table 1: Gaucher's disease pipeline

    Targets & Mechanisms: A RIPping target in Gaucher's disease Table 1. Gaucher's disease pipeline. Selected compounds on the market or in clinical development for Type I Gaucher's disease. Source: BCIQ: BioCentury …

    Published on 2/13/2014
  • Figure 1: PCSK9-mediated regulation of LDLR levels

    PCSK9 peptide inhibitors Figure 1. PCSK9-mediated regulation of LDLR levels. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is highly expressed in the liver and is a validated target for hypercholesterolemia. …

    Published on 2/6/2014
  • Negative nanoparticles

    Simple experimental error has opened up the potential for nanoparticles to treat disease rather than be used as payloads. By accidentally using negatively charged nanoparticles instead of neutral ones, a team from …

    Published on 2/6/2014
  • PCSK9 peptide inhibitors

    Although many companies are chasing inhibitors of PCSK9 for lowering LDL cholesterol, antibodies or siRNAs that require injection are dominating the field. Roche's Genentech unit and a joint team from Pfizer and the …

    Published on 2/6/2014
  • PTSD: rewriting fearful memories

    An MIT-led team has outlined a strategy for addressing the underlying causes of post-traumatic stress disorder. The approach centers on blocking HDAC2, which is the only class I histone deacetylase target shown to play …

    Published on 1/30/2014
  • Melanoma checkpoint inhibitors

    U.S. researchers have found that a cocktail of antibodies targeting checkpoint proteins and peptide-based cancer vaccines induced a potent and tumor-specific T cell response to treat melanoma.

    Published on 1/16/2014

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